Honey bees are a very fascinating insect that have been cultivated and used by humans for centuries. There are several passages in the bible that talk about honey. Even before the bible, Egyptian tombs and pyramids would have traces of honey, propoplis, and bee pollen. Bee by-products are valuable to human health for many years.
But, what’s it about these interesting creatures that differentiate them from other wasps and insects.
The honey bee, also known as the Apis Mellifera, is a species of pests that have a fascinating chain of control and social network. It all begins with an egg, the Queen puts to a fresh brood cell. These cells contain nutrients that the egg must further grow.
But, young bees are not alone, and there are nurse bees that tend to these younger ones, and then feed them. The young worker bees develop very fast, and begin to cocoon themselves for their final metamorphosis into an adult.
Worker bees have jaws that bite inward, particular smell sensors, eyes that could detect ultraviolet rays. It is these senses that allow bees to move in the darkness of the hive.
When the employee has hatched she begins to function immediately. In 1 hive, you will find about 30 000 employee bees, about 500 – 2000 drones, and one ruling Queen bee.
Once the worker hatches from her cocoon, she cleans the cocoon, and reseals it. For around three months she helps around from the uterus, tending to other young eggs that are in the cells. On the next week, she takes her first test flight at the entrance of the hive. Once this flight is successful, she’s a guard for your hive.
The employee also helps her elderly sisters in repairing damaged cells, pack pollen in cells to the young ones, and ripening nectar in particular cells.
The colony of bees is constantly buzzing 24 hours 7 days per week.
In wild hives, once a colony gets too crowded, the current queen, and a whole lot of worker bees venture outside and start a new hive. In domesticate hives, the beekeeper usually replaces the old queen with younger queen, so that the colony stays strong and doesn’t split.
Queen bees begin their life very similar to worker bees. However, the one distinction is that eggs from the royal cells are fed royal jelly, which makes the bees turn into Queen bees. There are typically 2 to 3 queen bees “made” when the queen has expired or isn’t laying enough eggs for the hive. After those queen bees hatch, the new young queen will struggle with the older one, before the older queen is sufficiently weak.
All that’s left now is for the new queen to partner with all the drones. After this mating ritual is completed, the queen can lay eggs for the remainder of her life, which will be about 5 – 6 decades. The typical lifetime of a worker is roughly 45 days.
Bees are a fascinating species, and the more you understand about them, the more you are able to enjoy the honey, bee pollen, propolis, and royal jelly may do for you.